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The Three June Birthstones - A Complete Guide

Updated: May 3

Those with June birthdays are fortunate to have not just one, but three unique birthstones to choose from: Pearl, Moonstone, and Alexandrite. Each June birthstone brings its own unique appeal and set of qualities, making them perfect for personal jewellery or as thoughtful gifts. At Sennen Jewellery, we have explored the characteristics of these three birthstones to guide you in making the perfect choice.

While both Moonstone and Freshwater Pearl are iridescent milky white gemstones, they differ significantly in their origins and symbolism. Our guide explores these fascinating differences to help you understand each birthstone.


June Birthstone Key Points Summary

  • June Birthstones: Learn about Pearl birthstones, Moonstone, and Alexandrite—the three captivating choices for those born in June.

  • Properties and Styling: Detailed insights into the histories, physical and healing properties, and styling tips for each June birthstone.

  • Choosing Your Stone: We guide you on selecting the right June birthstone based on aesthetics, properties, and personal significance.

  • Caring for Your Stones: Maintenance tips to ensure the longevity and beauty of your June birthstone jewellery.

May birthstones

Moonstone

Let’s begin with Moonstone. The Moonstone birthstone is a beautiful and versatile gemstone that has been prized for centuries. It is believed to have many healing and spiritual properties.


The name “moonstone” refers to the stone’s distinctive optical phenomenon, known as adularescence, which creates a captivating milky sheen with a blue glow, ideally exhibiting a blue sheen that is thought to resemble the light of the moon.


Historical Background of the Moonstone Birthstone

Moonstone has captivated various cultures for thousands of years, particularly valued in ancient Rome and Greece where it was associated with lunar gods and believed to be born from solidified rays of the moon.

Throughout history, it was popular in the jewellery of the Art Nouveau period and later became popular during the 1960s "hippie" movement for its ethereal appearance and supposed calming effects. It remains cherished today for its beauty and the connection it offers to divine feminine energy.

June birthstones

Moonstone Mining and Extraction

Moonstone is primarily mined in Sri Lanka and India, where the finest quality stones are often found. Additional sources include Madagascar, Brazil, Australia, and the United States. The extraction process of moonstone requires careful handling due to its delicate nature.

Once extracted, the raw moonstones are assessed for quality and then cut and polished to reveal their characteristic adularescence. This fascinating play of light is what makes moonstone so sought after in the jewellery industry.


Physical and Healing Properties

June birthstones

Physical Properties:

  • Moonstone is a fascinating member of the feldspar group of minerals, which are abundant in Earth's crust.

  • This gemstone is typically found in shades of white or blue, but it can also appear in green, yellow, and pink.

  • Moonstone is prized for its pearly luster and the phenomenon known as "adularescence," which is a captivating milky sheen that seems to glow from within the stone.

  • Moonstones that have been polished often exhibit chatoyancy ("cat's eye effect"), in which a luminous stripe appears through the stone.


Healing and Symbolism

  • Regarded for its connection to feminine energies, Moonstone promotes intuition and emotional balance. It is highly valued in matters of love, offering emotional and spiritual protection.

  • Moonstone is believed to be particularly beneficial for the heart and soul, supporting fertility and pregnancy. Additionally, it is said to aid in relieving stress and fostering serenity, making it a favoured stone for those seeking peace and calm.

  • Moonstone is believed to have many spiritual properties. It is said to be a stone of intuition and psychic ability, and it is also believed to help with dreams and even astral travel.


Caring for Moonstone Jewellery

Moonstone is a fairly delicate gemstone requiring careful handling to prevent damage. They should be stored separately to avoid scratches and cleaned gently with a soft, damp cloth. Avoid exposure to harsh chemicals and extreme temperatures to maintain their beauty and integrity.


Fashion Tips

At Sennen Jewellery, we believe that moonstone's ethereal glow is best showcased when set in silver or white gold settings, which complement its cool, luminous tones.


This gemstone's captivating adularescence pairs beautifully with minimalist designs that allow the stone to be the focal point of the piece.


Moonstone rings and pendants can add a touch of mystique to everyday wear, while larger, more intricately cut moonstones set in detailed bands or halo settings create stunning pieces suitable for evening events.


For a modern twist, consider pairing moonstone with other gemstones like blue sapphires to enhance its mystical blue glow, perfect for those who wish to make a subtle yet impactful statement.


Pearl Birthstone

June birthstones

Pearls are treasured for their natural beauty and subtle elegance. Unlike most gemstones which are mined from the earth, pearls are organically formed in the shells of mollusks such as oysters and mussels.

This unique genesis gives each pearl its distinctive lustrous finish, making pearls a symbol of purity and grace in jewellery across cultures and eras.

The June birthstone pearl is associated with purity and innocence. Pearl jewellery, known for its versatility and timelessness, showcases pearls in a wide range of shapes, colors, and sizes; every jewellery collection should include at least one piece of pearl jewellery.


History of Pearls

Pearls have been a symbol of wealth and sophistication since antiquity. The ancient Chinese believed they protected against fire and dragons, while Greeks held that pearls were tears of the gods.

By the Middle Ages, pearls became so highly regarded that laws were passed in Europe allowing only nobility to wear them. The discovery of pearls in Central and South America in the 15th and 16th centuries led to the so-called Pearl Age, which saw these gemstones worn by wealthy men and women of that era.

June Birthstones

Cultivation and Types of Pearls

Pearls are classified into two main types: natural pearls and cultured pearls.

Natural pearls are from natural pearl beds, and form when an irritant accidentally enters a pearl-producing mollusk such as an oyster or mussel.


The mollusk then secretes layers of nacre, a crystalline substance that builds up over several years to form a natural pearl. Due to overharvesting and pollution, natural pearl beds have become exceedingly rare, and natural pearls very valuable.


Cultured pearls, on the other hand, are grown with human intervention. The process begins when a pearl farmer surgically inserts a small bead along with a piece of mantle tissue from another oyster into the host.

This acts as the irritant that prompts the oyster to start producing nacre, much like in the formation process of natural pearls. This method allows for more predictable pearl production and has become the standard in the pearl industry since the early 20th century.


There are several types of cultured pearls, each with its unique characteristics:

  1. Akoya Pearls: Often considered the classic cultured pearls, Akoya pearls are primarily cultivated in Japan and China. They are typically round and white or cream-colored, known for their excellent lustre.

  2. Tahitian Pearls: Cultivated in the waters around Tahiti and other French Polynesian islands, these pearls are famous for their dark colors and are often referred to as black pearls.

  3. South Sea Pearls: These are the largest and most valuable pearls grown in Australia, Indonesia, and the Philippines. They range in color from white to gold and are highly prized for their size and satin lustre.

  4. Freshwater Pearls: Grown in freshwater lakes and rivers primarily in China, freshwater pearls come in a wide variety of shapes and colors. Due to their prolific production, they are more affordable and widely available.

The introduction of cultured pearls has made pearl ownership more accessible while also helping preserve wild populations of pearl oysters. Cultured pearls can be found in a broad spectrum of colors, shapes, and sizes, making them a versatile choice for both traditional and contemporary jewellery designs.


Physical and Healing Properties

Pearls can vary greatly in color depending on the mollusk and the water where it lives, ranging from white, cream, and yellow to pink, silver, or black.

Healing and Symbolism: Pearls are known for their calming effects; they are said to reduce stress and anxiety while promoting wisdom and contentment. They are also associated with purity and integrity, making them popular in bridal and formal wear.

Pearls are believed to have healing properties related to the stomach, heart, and spleen, and are used to enhance personal integrity and help focus attention. Known for their calming influence, they are said to promote wisdom and contentment and are traditionally worn to signify innocence and purity.


Caring for Pearl Jewellery

Freshwater pearls are quite delicate and require careful handling to preserve their lustrous beauty. To ensure they maintain their natural shine, it's important to store them in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight and drastic temperature fluctuations. Ideally, they should be kept in a soft cloth bag or lined jewellery box to avoid scratches from harder gemstones or metal edges.

When wearing freshwater pearls, it's best to put them on after applying makeup, perfumes, and hairsprays to prevent chemical damage to the surface of the pearl. After wearing, gently wipe them with a soft, damp cloth to remove any residues or perspiration that can degrade the nacre over time.

An old adage suggests that pearls should be worn often, as the natural oils from your skin can enhance their sheen. This regular wear keeps them in an environment with stable temperature and humidity, which is beneficial for their preservation. However, it’s crucial to balance this with careful maintenance to ensure they last for generations.


Styling Pearl Jewellery

At Sennen Jewellery, we find that pearls exude a classic elegance that transcends fashion trends. They are versatile and can be styled with gold, silver, or white gold, which each draw out the warm or cool undertones of different pearl colors.


For a timeless look, a simple pearl strand or a pair of pearl stud earrings are essential in every wardrobe—they're perfect for everything from daily wear to special occasions like weddings. To modernize the traditional pearl, consider layering multiple pearl strands of varying lengths or incorporating pearls with unconventional shapes like baroque or keshi into your designs. For a special piece, custom jewellery using natural pearls is possible.


June birthstones

Alexandrite Birthstone

Alexandrite birthstones are known for their dramatic colour change under different lighting conditions—from green in daylight to red under incandescent light.


Discovered in the Russian emerald mines in the early 19th century, this gemstone quickly gained prominence for its unique optical properties and its significance as a June birthstone.




The primary sources for alexandrite gemstones include countries such as Zimbabwe, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Madagascar, Brazil, and Burma.


History and Discovery

Discovered in Russia's Ural Mountains in the 1830s, Alexandrite was named after the future Tsar Alexander II. The gemstone was initially mistaken for emerald until its remarkable color-changing properties were observed, shifting from green in daylight to red in incandescent light.

This rare ability quickly made Alexandrite popular among Russian aristocracy. Its story is steeped in the lore of good fortune and intelligence, and although it was once an exclusive gem, today it remains a sought-after stone for its unique optical characteristics and rarity.


Physical and Healing Properties of Alexandrite

Alexandrite is a rare variety of the mineral chrysoberyl, characterized by its unique ability to change color under different lighting conditions—from green in daylight to a reddish-purple under incandescent light. This striking optical characteristic is due to trace amounts of chromium in the stone.


Healing and Symbolism: Alexandrite is said to improve concentration and self-esteem, helping its wearer see the positive aspect of life. It is believed to bring balance between the physical manifest world and the unmanifest spiritual or astral world.


Alexandrite's properties are thought to promote emotional balance and to boost internal energy shifts. Its ability to change color symbolizes adaptability and is believed to stimulate creativity, especially in endeavors that manifest prosperity and longevity.


Styling Alexandrite Jewelley

June birthstones

Alexandrite jewellery is especially prized for its ability to shift from a lush green in daylight to a rich purplish-red under incandescent light, making it a perfect conversation starter at social events.

Design-wise, we recommend simple, elegant settings that allow the alexandrite to showcase its color change, such as solitaire rings or pendant necklaces. Pairing alexandrite with diamond accents can further highlight its dramatic shift in colour, suitable for those who appreciate a blend of tradition and distinctiveness in their jewellery.


Pearl, Moonstone, or Alexandrite – Which June Birthstone Suits You Best?

Deciding on the perfect June birthstone is a personal journey that reflects not only your style but also the unique qualities of each gemstone. Pearl birthstones offer classic elegance and sophistication, making them a timeless addition to both traditional and modern jewellery designs. Their variety in colour and size allows for versatile styling options, though they do require careful handling to maintain their beauty.


Moonstone birthstones, with their mystical and ethereal qualities, bring a touch of otherworldly charm to silver jewellery pieces. Known for their captivating iridescence, moonstones can transform an ordinary piece into something truly magical.


Although rarer, Alexandrite is a remarkable choice for those who value uniqueness. Its dramatic colour change from green in natural light to a deep red in incandescent light makes Alexandrite birthstones a stunning and conversation-worthy accessory.


Explore our diverse collection of June birthstones at Sennen Jewellery and discover the piece that not only resonates with your personal style but also adds a meaningful narrative to your jewellery collection. Browse our selections of birthstones and other gemstone jewellery at Sennen Jewellery and KernowGold to find your June birthstone today.

June birthstones

FAQs: June Birthstones

Why are there 3 June birthstones?

The reason there are three birthstones for June; pearl, moonstone, and alexandrite, stems from historical, cultural, and gemological developments that expanded the traditional one-stone-per-month model to provide greater choice and accessibility.

Historically, birthstones were linked to the twelve stones on Aaron's breastplate in the Bible, each associated with a tribe of Israel and later correlated with the zodiac. This connection was primarily based on color symbolism, and the specific gem types were not strictly defined until much later.

As gemology developed as a science and more gemstones became known and available globally, the list of birthstones began to adapt. By the 20th century, the modern birthstone list was formalized, but some months, like June, ended up with multiple options due to variations in tradition, regional preferences, and availability of the stones.


Are Freshwater Pearls Real Pearls?

Yes, freshwater pearls are real pearls. They are grown in freshwater environments like lakes and rivers, using mollusks. Though they are cultivated more quickly and generally are less round and lustrous than the saltwater pearl, they are valued for their wide variety of shapes and colours.


Does Alexandrite jewellery appear different in daylight and artificial light?

Yes, Alexandrite jewellery exhibits a remarkable color change depending on the light source. Under daylight, it appears green or blue-green, and under incandescent or candlelight, it changes to a reddish or purplish color, showcasing its unique optical properties.


What is the most valuable June Birthstone?

Alexandrite is generally the most expensive of the June birthstones. Its rarity combined with the unique color-changing property significantly drives up its value, especially for stones that show a distinct and dramatic shift between green and red. High-quality alexandrites with good clarity and strong color change can fetch very high prices in the gemstone market, far surpassing the cost of moonstones and pearl, even when these are of excellent quality. This makes alexandrite a particularly coveted gemstone among collectors and jewelry enthusiasts.


How does fluorescent light affect the appearance of Moonstone?

Fluorescent light can enhance the appearance of Moonstone, accentuating its ethereal glow and iridescence. The milky, bluish interior light of Moonstone, known as adularescence, may appear more vivid and luminous under fluorescent light, showcasing its optical qualities.



Interested in the Birthstones for other months? Take a look at our guide here: Your Ultimate Guide to Birthstones



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